March 10, 2009: 9:24 pm: Baseball

I have to drop three players before opening day. But I am free to pick up other free agents. Not that there’s much to chose from.

Active Batters
C – Pierzynski, A.J. C CHW
1B – Youkilis, Kevin 1B, 3B BOS
2B – Sanchez, Freddy 2B PIT
3B – Atkins, Garrett 3B, 1B COL
SS – Tulowitzki, Troy SS COL
OF – Bruce, Jay RF CIN
OF – Crawford, Carl LF TB
OF – Young, Delmon LF MIN
U – Lee, Derrek 1B CHC

Active Pitchers
Arroyo, Bronson SP CIN
Carmona, Fausto SP CLE
Jurrjens, Jair SP ATL
Liriano, Francisco SP MIN
Sonnanstine, Andy SP TB
Hudson, Orlando 2B LA
Active Relievers
Lindstrom, Matt RP FLA
Okajima, Hideki RP BOS
Street, Huston RP COL

Reserve Batters
Shoppach, Kelly C CLE
Butler, Billy 1B KC
Smoak, Justin 1B TEX

Harris, Brendan 2B, 3B, SS MIN
Moustakas, Michael 3B KC
Drew, J.D. RF BOS
Schumaker, Skip CF STL
Reserve Pitchers
Cahill, Trevor SP OAK

Minor Leagues
McCutchen, Andrew OF PIT

Some Free Agents:
Mora Melvin 3B BAL- Rodriguez, Ivan C NYY – Fukudome, Kosuke OF CHC- Mussina, Mike SP NYY- Griffey, Ken OF SEA -Torres, Salomon RP MIL – Martinez, Pedro SP NYM-Anderson, Garret LF ATL -Moyer, Jamie SP PHI-Wigginton, Ty 3B BAL- DeJesus, David LF KC-Church, Ryan RF NYM – Marcum, Shaun SP TOR-Willingham, Josh LF WAS-Sheffield, Gary DH DET -Perkins, Glen SP MIN -Giles, Brian RF SD-Looper, Braden SP MIL- Maddux, Greg SP LA -Wakefield, Tim SP BOS -Scott, Luke LF BAL-Byrd, Paul SP BOS, – Duncan, Chris 1B STL -Baker, John C FLA – Johnson, Chris 3B HOU -Sanchez, Anibal SP FLA -Reyes, Anthony SP CLE – Purcey, David SP TOR + 15.84% 63 372

April 5, 2008: 6:23 pm: Baseball

Four and a half years ago I wrote a post attempting to explain the game of baseball and how it’s rules developed starting with a simple first principle of game where you hit a ball and run with some objective in mind. Well it took me long enough, but I’ve got part two down now. If you want to read the first part, it’s still up on the blog here.

Let’s return to our first principle of the game. An player attempts to strike the ball as far as possible so he can run a pre-determined circuit and return to this starting position before the ball can.

The first things after the ball is struck is to determine whee the batter goes. The taste of the rulemakers for baseball was to have the player who struck the ball run around the pitcher and back to the starting position. The runner of course would tend to try to make this circuit as short as possible. So to keep the circuit uniform, four bases were put in place. The runner had to touch each of these bases in order before the ball is returned. The team that can complete the most circuits wins the game. A way of keeping track of how many circuits have been successfully completed was needed. So a completed circuit was caled a run.

So we have the runner strike the ball. He runs to the first base and continues counterclockwise and continues until the ball is returned. We know what happens if he can touch all four bases before the ball catches up with him. So what happens when the bal does catch up?

Just throwing the ball past the runner was considered too easy. The opponents much demonstrate they are in control of the ball. So it was determined that to demonstrate that the ball has been effectively returned, the runner must be tagged with the ball. At one time this included throwing the ball at the runner. That was considered too dangerous and also somewhat violates the principle of being in control of the ball. So the tag must be applied while in the hand of the opponent. At a certain point, players took up the practice of wearing gloves. This made it awkward to take the ball out of the encompassing glove in order to tag the runner and gave the runner the advantage. A rule was then adopted that tagging the runner with a glove that had the ball securely inside, would be considered the same as if the runner had been tagged with the ball itself. The entire glove was considered the same as the ball. Derivative rules were put in place for how to deterine if the ball in the glove was under control.

So now we have a runner going from the base to base. If an opponent showed up with the ball, the runner could take off in any direction to get away. This could cause delay and make every circuit rather tedious. So another rule comes into force requiring the runner to head directly from one base to another without deviating beyond a prescribed limit. This now known as running out of the baseline.

But now we really are in the business of waiting for a runner to hit an inside the park home run. As youc an imagine this doesnt happen that often, even before we consider fences. So the runner is allowed to stop safely without being tagged, as long as they are on one of the first three bases. Now the players int he field need to tag the runner in between bases.

Here a matter of taste comes into play. The runner now has a better chance of getting to the fourth base. This raises the question of how many people can try to get the ball and stop the runner. Most bals didn’t travel too much farther than the pitcher. So a player was placed at each of the four bases. They can be considered guardians of those bases in order to try to stop a runner from reaching them safely.

Past the circuit of bases was an open field. To separate the area that was out of play (mentioned earlier) a line was drawn from the 4th base to the first base and from the fourth base to the third base. That line continued in the same direction on each side and defined the width of the area out beyond the circuit. This field is referred to as the outfield, and the area of the circuit of bases thus was called the infield. Both fields were fair territory and anything outside the lines is foul territory.

So eventually three players was deemed sufficient to fairly cover the outfield territory. However, the infield seemed unbalanced. Teh three base guardians seemed unbalanced. The second baseman had effectively more territory to guard as the first baseman was guarding hsi base on every hit and the fourth baseman (or catcher) was always out of play, having been assigned the duty of catching the pitches from the pitcher to help speed up the game.

So a second guardian of second base was created and placed on the third base side of the infield. This player would help stop the ball short of going into the outfield. We call the position shortstop now.

So now we have 9 players on the field attempting to catch the ball and tag the runner before he can return home to the fourth base or home base. This proves to be difficult and sometimes tedious. For instance if a runner was on second base a player could hit the ball and run very slowly to the first base. While the players in the field, or fielders, wait to tag the runner, the runner from second base could safely make a dash for the third base. Also a player at the first base might choose to stay ont he base safely while the new runner ran to first. So a rule declares that two runners cannot occupy the same base. This forces the runner to the next base.

Another rule has the opportunity to speed up play here. If a runner is forced to run to a base the fielder no longer has to tag them with the ball to demonstrate that the ball ahs beaten the runner. They can instead merely take posession of the ball and step on the base the runner is being forced to run to. This procedure can be carried out at the first base on every hit, as the runner is essentially forced to run there after he has successfully struck the ball.

So now we have players striking the ball into fair territory and trying to reach a base safely. The more bases they can touch, the better. They must touch the bases in order to define a circle, but they can stop at any base safely along the way. If a runner stops at a base they can choose to stay there until they are forced to run. And this brings up a good point. What if they aren’t forced to run but decide to anyway> Some rules have to go into place about when they can run. If a ball is being exchanged for instance because it is damaged, obviously the runner is not allowed to run to the next base.

The ball was previously considered live at all times. Any time the ball is live the runner is free to try to run to the next base and the fielders are free to try to tag the runner. Exceptions began to be put into play. For instance a ball struck into foul territory is declared dead, and the runner is not allowed to advance. If the fourth unhittable pitch is delivered and the batter allowed to go to first, the ball is dead and the runner cannot advance unless forced to by another runner coming to take posession fo the base he is on. In addition to these and other rules, the judge beind home base, called the umpire now, can decide the ball is dead at any time. Even though there is no clock, baseball as borrowed the phrase ‘time out’ from clocked sports, to describe this condition.

So now we know when and where a batter and runner can go. But we soon find that any ball hit into the outfield ends up with a runner safely at a base. This throws the game out of balance. So a new principle is adopted to reduce the number of runners who safely reach bases. The struck ball must reach the ground before runners, including the batter, can safely advance. If a fielder can prevent the ball from reaching the ground, the batter will be considered to have failed at the attempt to complete the circuit. If there happens to be a runner on base, they can still safely advance but they must wait on their base until the ball is caught in the air before they can attempt to advance. If they are not touching a base when the ball is caught, they must go back to the base and touch it before advancing. These restrictions pt the game back in balance. Not every ball hit into the outfield results in a runner safely reacing base.

Of course the rule is applied to all areas not just the outfield. In fact the decision is made that even if the ball is in foul territory, if it is caught in the air before reaching the ground, then the batter will considerd to have failed int he attempt and be put out of the play. This phrase is shortened to put out and eventually just out.

This brings up the rare but not unseen situation where a batter swings and makes slight contact with the ball but it continues on into the catcher’s glove behind home base. Now technically this could be a foul ball caught before it reaches the gorund and considered a out. But it hardly seems fair sice the batter did not make definite contact, just incidental. Such a happenstance will only count as an attempt to strike. If it is the third attempt to strike it will result in the batter being put out, UNLESS the catcher drops the ball. In that case as a compromise it will be treated as a foul ball in that instance and not result in the batter being put out.

To sum up, let’s return to our first principle. The batter attempts to strike the ball such that it hits the ground in the defined field of play, or fair territory. If a fielder prevents the ball from hitting the ground, whether in fair or foul territory, the batter will be considered put out. Once successfully striking the ball in the field of play, the player attempts to run in a circle defined by 4 bases and the lines between them. If the ball is nearing the player he can stay on one of the bases safely and not be tagged. If he is taged by the ball (or glove with the ball in it) while not safely on a base, he is put out. If a fielder in posession of the ball touches the first base before the player can get there, he is also put out.

Now here comes another convention. In the majority of plays the ball is hit on the ground in the infield and is thrown to the guard at the first base. If the batter runs and beats the throw, it wil be difficult to stay on the base. Should the runner leave the base the first baseman could tag him. This could mean that eery ball hit int he infield could conceivably be an out and thus throw the game out of balance again. So a rule has been put in place that a player once strikig the ball can run past first base without being tagged out. If the runner is tagged before reaching first base, or if a fielder in posession of the ball touches first base before the runner gets there, the runner is put out. But after the runner touches first base he is as safe as if he magically stopped his momentum and stayed on the base.

However runners might have taken advantage of this rule to advance to the second base. So another rule states that after running past the first base the runner must turn away from second base when he has slowed down and is returning to the first base. If the runner turns towards second base the fielder in posession of the ball is allowed to assume the runner is attempting to advance to second base and can then tag him out. Only bceause of the frequency of the plasy at first base is this allowed. No ther base is allowed to be overrun and have the runner still be safe.

Once the runner is on base he is free to try to advance to other bases any time he wants. Only if the ball is dead by a rule or an umpire’s ruling can the runner not advance. The runner MUST advance if another runner is coming behind him. If the runner does not advance and he ends up standing on a base with another runner he will be declared put out and have to leave the bases.

So we have many ways a player can be put out of the game (not permanently mind you). So we are now in the position of having to determine how long a team is allowed to try to make the circuit of bases before they must give up and let the other time try. Since as we mentioned there is no clock, a limit is put in place based on how many times a player is put out of the game. If three players are put out in one way or another then the team must give up its pursuit and allow the other team a try.

After three put outs, the team that was int he field and delivering pitches comes off the field and can begin to bat and try to complete circuits and score runs. The team tat was batting, must put a pitcher up on the mound to deliver the ball to the opponents and the fielders up to the prescribed limit can take their places.

It must be noted that the position of the fielders described is not set in the rules. The players can be anywhere in fair territory (with the exception of the catcher who must be in foul territory). Those positions described above were used to determine a limit of the number of fielders.

We then must decide who gets to bat. This is not a probem wen a team is defined by just the players in the field. Everyone in the field gets to bat. In fact this is a guiding principle of baseball. The team is merely the nine people on the field. The entire team gets a chance to bat.

Replacing players, what order the players must bat in and how many times they get a chance will be the subject of our next section.

August 20, 2006: 7:32 pm: Baseball

In response to some confusion on Wikipedia about what happened to Western League franchises, as that league was converted to the American League, I did some research. Here’s what I found about the franchise transfers between the end of the 1900 American League “minor” season and the first season the AL played as a major league in 1901.

In the Chicago Tribune, January 29, 1901, it is reported that the American League voted to drop Indianapolis, Minneapolis, and Buffalo, and award new franchises to new backers in Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Boston. The article goes on to report that “Manning’s Kansas City franchise having been transferred to Washington at a previous meeting.” (Seeks to snare Duffy of Boston, Chicago Daily Tribue, Jan. 29, 1901, pg. 9. )

Minneapolis owner C. H. Saulpaugh, Indianapolis owner W. H. Watkins and Kansas City owner James Manning opposed the move of the American Legaue into eastern cities. Only Manning appears to have been eventually swayed, and agreed to move his franchise. (Manning to put club here, The Washington Post, Nov. 12, 1900, pg. 8 ) The Indianapolis club jumped to the 1901 incarnation of the American Association that the National League formed but never got off the ground. (Teams at league park, The Washington Post, Jan. 6, 1901, pg. 8 )

Saulpaugh sold his Minneapolis club, the lease on its ballpark Nicollet Park, and the American League players, to A. B. Beal. The Jan. 16 Chicago Daily Tribune calls them “the Western league franchise.” (Watkins shows his hand, Chicago Daily Tribune, Jan. 16, 1901, pg. 8 ) This likely alludes to them joing a new minor league that was planned to play in cities left behind by the American League. (Johnson returns in pacific mood, Chicago Daily, Dec. 23, 1900, pg. 17 )

As late as November 23, 1900 Buffalo was to be given a one-year contract to remain a memeber of the AL. (Baseballfor Baltimore, New York Times, Nov. 23, 1900, pg. 8 ) By January, enthusiasm for a Boston club meant the AL would either go to 10 teams or have to drop one. (Circuit of ten clubs, Chicago Daily Tribune, Jan. 13, 1901, pg. 18 ) Buffalo lost out but President Franklin of Buffalo was satisfied with the “agreement that the American leaguers would permit him to keep his team intact so far as they were concerned. They promised not sign any of his players if he went into another league.” (Seeks to snare Duffy of Boston, Chicago Daily Tribue, Jan. 29, 1901, pg. 9. )

The player rosters from opening day 1900 compared to the rosters of 1901 seem to bear this scenario out. Washington in 1901 had several players from Kansas City of 1900. The rosters of Boston, Baltimore and Philadelphia do not seem to share any similarity to the rosters of 1900 Minneapolis, Buffalo, and Indianapolis.(New baseball faces, Chicago Daily, Apr. 8, 1900, pg. 18 ) A preseason analysis by the Chicago Daily acknowledges the Washington Club is built around a nucleus from Manning’s old Kansas City club, but treats Baltimore, Boston and Philadelphia as new teams. (Lineup of the rival leagues, Chicago Daily, Mar. 31, 1901, pg. 17 )

This research indicates that Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, and Cleveland, held their clubs steady from 1900 to 1901. Kansas City moved to Washington under the same ownership by Manning. Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Boston seem to have been created anew with new ownership.

Newspaper articles found at ProQuest Historical Newspapers (

July 9, 2006: 6:41 pm: A's, Baseball

Today’s game started bad and ended bad. No Huston Street jerseys were to be had at the D gate.  In fact no boxes or attendants were in sight so we figured they were long long gone. As we made our way to the Westside club we found that there were plenty of jerseys at the C gate. Live and learn.  We decided to go the Field Irish Pub and watch the World Cup while we ate burgers. That worked well until one of the bartenders inexplicabloy changed one of the TVs to the A’s scoreboadr channel.  What gives?  We paid to come watch the A’s and we would.  This was 30 minutes before first pitch, why force us to watch the stupid scoreboadr ads?  They reasonably left one TV on the Cup and we watched until they went to the first OT.  By that time it was time to get in our seats for the lineups and anthem.

It looked like the A’s could hang in there.  They fell behind but tied it up.  A few fielding miscues proved their undoing. Swisher attempted a dive on a possible double to left and made sure it was a triple for example.  Danny gave up the 4 runs.  Duke and Street pitched well but the A’s could only muster five hits.  You can’t win if you don’t score.

The A’s go into the All-star break tied for first with Texas.  Tied.  Yech.  Every time they’ve gone into the all-star game in first (alone) they’ve won the division.  Don’t know if that holds true for tied.  I guess we’ll find out.

March 14, 2006: 7:47 pm: Baseball

U.S.S. Mariner has an excellent analysis of the 1946 game between the Gas House Gorillas and the Teatotallers played at the Polo Grounds. You may have seen clips of the game before on TV but DMZ does an excellent job teasing out the details and providing a sound overview of what we can tell from the avialable footage.

Consider that given fifteen outs, Bunny scored 96 times. His RC/27 would be 173. Now of course Bunny could not always face a team so ill-equipped to deal with his high-percentage take-all-four-bases running style and bean-all-nine-fielders hitting ability, but even dramatic penalties placed on him would still make him the greatest offensive player of all time.


March 13, 2005: 9:22 am: Baseball

What’s wrong with the steroid controversy

Steroids are cheating! Steroids are wrong! They hurt the integrity of the game and call records into question! All of those statements are wrong to a great extent. There is only one real legitimate objection to steroid use in sports, in my opinion. First, let’s look at the false beliefs that are clouding the issue, and frankly, preventing a solution.

Steroids are cheating

The common argument against steroids is that they giv eplayers an unfair advantage. But why? Checmical enhancement is often put forward as the reason. But protein shakes are also chemical enhancement and there’s no controversy over those. The protein in a protein shake comes form a lab, not from the protein tree. Players who can afford highly skileld personal trainers and training equipment definitely have an advantage on players who can’t, but no one cries foul about that. Steroids are not cheating simply because they help build up muscles. But we’ll revisit ‘cheating’ again later.

Steroids are wrong

This is just a simplistic argument. If steroids were absolutely wrong, then they wouldn’t be prescribed by hundreds of doctors for legitimate causes. There is nothing inherently wrong about steroids.

Steroids hurt the integrity of the game

Again this misses the mark. Babe Ruth never took steroids, but he also never worked out, followed a highly-tuned diet, or watched video of opposing pitchers and his own swing. He just hit 714 Home Runs in a league that didn’t allow some of the best players int he world to play because they had too much pigment in their skin. This argument has had the most exposure. Ther is one small way in whihc the integrity of the game is affected, and it’s not the one that deals with the record books. Let’s deal with that next.

Steroids are illegal
That is the only legitimate argument against steroids in any sport. They’re agains the law. They’re against the law because improperly taken, they can cause severe damage to your health. They are not against the law because they’re cheating. If steroids didn’t threaten your life, they would be as legal as protein supplements, and just as controversial. They are only cheating, insomuch as law-abiding players don’t take them, so scofflaws cna get an advantage. This is as much cheating as the guy who gets to work faster because he speeds and drives on the shoulder while you stay in proper lanes and drive the limit. The speeder is risking other lives and his own, so is arguably more of a danger to society than a steroids user. Steroids only threaten the integrity of the game insomuch as not every player has legal access. It’s not a level playing field. That argument is true.

The solution nobody wants

All the ‘solutions’ to the steroid problem involve the sports regulating themselves. No sporting league is expected to have their own police to enforce speeding rules, domestic abuse, or assault and battery. These are all offenses that players have committed that are not handled by leagues (except for possible fines), but left to law enforcement. But whenever criminal charges are brought up in relation to athletes and steroids, it’s usually in the context of granting immunity. This is fatal to the elimination of steroids in sports. If players feel they are above the law in this regard, then they will continue to find ways to avoid detection and take illegal substances. if they feared that even if they passed tests, they could be busted for sale or posession like any other citizen, then there would be a real deterrent.

Don’t get me wrong, I’m not recommending police be stationed in the clubhouse necessarily, but that we need to stop focusing on the overdramtic bogus accusations of lack of integrity and cheating and focus on the criminal aspect and enforcement of that by authorities. Either that or legalize steroids.

October 28, 2004: 9:08 am: Baseball

Well they did it. The Boston Red Sox are World Champions.

Thanks to the family of Chick Shorten for their posts. While our fanciful tale may not have solid journalistic backing, the following things are true.

-Babe Ruth did take Chick’s job
-Chick’s career never got fully rolling in the majors after that.
-The Red Sox did not win a World Series unti after we exposed the ‘curse of Chick Shorten.’

Draw your own conclusions but here’s ours.

The best people get angry and sometimes their actions have unforeseen repercussions. We don’t in any way believe Chick was evil, on the contrary. This year was magic. Before we posted our story the Red Sox were in dire shape against the Yankees. After that they came back and won eight games in a row to defeat both the evil empire and my beloved Cards.

There were other portents too. The Red Sox first at bat of the World Series was number 19 (Williams) pitching to number 18 (Damon). The series finished with two outfielders standing next to each other number 19 (Kapler) and number 18 (Damon). In 1918 the Red Sox won 86 games. One for every year they would have to wait until the next championship. Their final World Series loss came in 1986. And of course, the final out was made by (my favorite Cardinal) Number 3 (Renteria), the same number as the Babe wore with the Highlanders.

Tip your caps to baseball folks. Tip your caps to the Red Sox, and mostly for us tip your cap to Chick Shorten. Devil’s deal or not his good name is now in the clear.

-Tom Merritt

October 14, 2004: 10:44 am: Baseball

by Tim Moynihan, Tom Merritt, & Molly Wood

There is a specter haunting the Boston Red Sox, and it has haunted them now for some 86 years. But it’s not Babe Ruth, and the Boston fans’ attempts to reverse the “curse of the bambino” have all been for naught. They’re after the wrong guy.

The Red Sox haven’t won a World Series since 1918. They traded Babe Ruth to the Yankees in 1920. So, if the curse was simply the result of trading Babe, the Red Sox would have won the World Series with him in 1919. Something else happened during the off-season of 1918-1919 to curse the Red Sox. They haven’t discovered it, and the Babe curse has distracted them from curing it. Consider this alternative.

Babe Ruth didn’t start out as a regular outfielder for the Sox. He was a pitcher. But by 1918, he began to see action in the outfield. As a result, he began stealing playing time from other Sox outfielders–including a young man named Chick Shorten.

Shorten spent eight seasons as a reserve in the majors, leading the AL in pinch hits (9) in 1921. Over his career he played in 527 games, hitting .275 with 3 HRs and 134 RBI. In World Series appearances, he played 2 games, hitting .571

On July 11, 1917, in Detroit, Boston’s Babe Ruth pitched a gem, allowing just one scratch single in the 8th. Ruth deflected the ball but the throw by the shortstop was too late. Ruth also had a single and triple, but a pinch triple by Shorten in the 9th drove home the only run. Still, all the attention went to Ruth, despite Shorten’s game-winning hit–and that’s on top of Ruth taking his spot in the outfield.

With Ruth ensconced in the field, Shorten didn’t play major league ball at all in 1918. Initially, Chick was just depressed, but then seeing the 1918 Sox win the series without him, he vowed his revenge. Through means unknown, Shorten put a curse on the Red Sox to prevent them and the hated Ruth from ever gaining the world title again.

Shorten was extremely pleased with the fruits of his dark dealings in 1919–but in 1920, the curse came back to haunt, as all devil’s deals do. Babe Ruth was sold to the previously hapless Yankees, and went on to lead them to record numbers of World Series. Shorten watched powerless.

As for the Red Sox, their fate was sealed. In 1922 Shorten played a game for the Providence All-Stars in an exhibition against the Boston Red Sox. The All-Stars won 3-2 with a girl playing first base. A hollow victory, I’m sure.

So, for the past near-century the Red Sox fans have had the wrong man. They must switch their focus from the curse of the Bambino, and figure out how to appease the angry spirit of Chick Shorten. Otherwise, they’ll never gain a World Series title. And time is running out.

When I started writing this the Red Sox were losing to the Yankees 8-0. AS I told the story of Chick on paper, the Sox rallied and brought the score back to 8-7. It can only mean one thing–we’ve almost found the key to the curse. We’re just a man on third and a base hit away from reversing the curse.

July 4, 2004: 11:52 pm: Baseball

So What would have happened if major league baseball franchises had never moved?

Here’s a stab.

NL East AL East
New York Giants Philadelphia A’s
Brooklyn Dodgers Washington Senators
Philadelphia Phillies New York Yankees
Miami Marlins Boston Red Sox
Boston Braves Toronto Blue Jays
NL Central AL Central
St. Louis Cardinals Chicago White Sox
Chicago Cubs Cleveland Indians
Cincinnati Reds Detroit Tigers
Houston Astros St. Louis Browns
Pittsburgh Pirates Atlanta Crackers
Montreal Expos  
NL West AL West
San Diego Padres Seattle Pilots
Denver Rockies Texas Rangers
Phoenix Diamondbacks Los Angeles Stars
San Francisco Seals Oakland Oaks
Los Angeles Angels  
May 26, 2004: 8:40 pm: Baseball

Thank goodness. Now my wife’s viewing of American Idol will not be disturbed. I will not make any threats to Reggie Sanders.

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